Water scarcity is an intergovernmental problem, which is defined by the quantitative lack of freshwater resources.
UN General Assembly established the SDG 6 to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030.
Water scarcity affects >40% of the global population. A total of 17 countries face extremely high water stress. 12 of them are in the Middle East and North Africa.
To meet escalating demand for water GCC intesively uses ground and surface water, which results in depletion of available natural sources.
While desalination provides the needed water supply, the process is costly and energy-intensive.
Desalination contributes to environmental degradation. The desalination plants extract large volumes of seawater and discharge hypersaline brine back into the marine ecosystems.
x 365 days would be enough to cover the entire Florida state with 30 cm of brine
contribution of Saudi Arabia + UAE + Qatar
expected amount of biproduct
55% of the brine is produced by desalination plants in Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Qatar.
Over a year, it would be enough to cover the U.S. state of Florida with 30 cm of salt.
The applied technologies for receiving drinking water in GCC countries do not solve the compelling and complex issue of water shortage and lead to dramatic consequences in the region.
The future is difficult to predict, however, available freshwater resources will certainly decrease in the coming years due to the increasing demand of a growing population.
Water scarcity is a point where imbalance between availability and demand triggers water stress. Learn more about the solution offered by LIFEBLNC.